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बुधवार, 9 जनवरी 2013

कविता क्या है? धर्मेन्द्र कुमार सिंह ‘सज्जन’

कविता क्या है?
धर्मेन्द्र कुमार सिंह ‘सज्जन’
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"कविता एक विधा है जिसका आकार चंद शब्दों से अनंत तक है" ये सूक्तिवाक्य है। ये वाक्य अपने आप में एक कविता है।
कविता को परिभाषित करने की कोशिश तब की जाती है जब एक विशेष तरह की कविताओं को केंद्र में लाना हो और दूसरी तरह की कविताओं को हासिए पर धकेलना हो।
रामचंद्र शुक्ल आलोचना करने बैठते हैं तो एक तरह की कविता कविता है दूसरी तरह की कूड़ा
डॉ नगेन्द्र आलोचना करने बैठते हैं तो यही हाल
नामवर जी आलोचना करते हैं तो उसके बाद पूरी की पूरी छंदबद्ध कविता ही हासिए पर चली जाती है और मुक्तिबोध और अज्ञेय केंद्र में आ जाते हैं।
आजकल तो सारे कवि पार्ट टाइम आलोचक भी हैं। जिस तरह वो लिखते हैं वो कविता, बाकी सब कूड़ा।
कोई थोड़ा उदार बनता है तो कहता है कविता छांदस भी हो सकती है और छंद मुक्त भी। उसी तरह कूड़ा छंदमुक्त भी हो सकता है और छांदस भी।
आजकल एक और शब्द खूब प्रचलन में है। बड़ा कवि और बड़ी कविता। कवि और कविता न हुए / हुई वैज्ञानिक राशियाँ हो गईं फीता लगाया और नाप लिया।
परिभाषाएँ विज्ञान में अच्छी लगती हैं। कविता में नहीं। 
देखिए कविता के संबंध में कुछ विद्वानों के विचार।
    
S. No.
Quote
Poet
1
A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness
Robert Frost
2
A poem can have an impact, but you can't expect an audience to understand all the nuances
3
A poem conveys not a message so much as the provenance of a message, an advent of sense
4
A poem is never finished, only abandoned
5
A poem is true if it hangs together. Information points to something else. A poem points to nothing but itself
6
A poem might be defined as thinking about feelings - about human feelings and frailties
7
A poet can survive everything but a misprint
8
A poet is, before anything else, a person who is passionately in love with language
9
A poet looks at the world the way a man looks at a woman
10
A poet's autobiography is his poetry. Anything else is just a footnote
11
A poet's work is to name the unnameable, to point at frauds, to take sides, start arguments, shape the world, and stop it going to sleep
12
A true poet does not bother to be poetical. Nor does a nursery gardener scent his roses
13
All bad poetry springs from genuine feeling
14
Always be a poet, even in prose
15
Any healthy man can go without food for two days - but not without poetry
16
Breathe-in experience, breathe-out poetry
17
Children and lunatics cut the Gordian knot which the poet spends his life patiently trying to untie
18
Each memorable verse of a true poet has two or three times the written content
19
Each word bears its weight, so you have to read my poems quite slowly
20
Even when poetry has a meaning, as it usually has, it may be inadvisable to draw it out... Perfect understanding will sometimes almost extinguish pleasure
21
Every single soul is a poem
22
Everyone thinks they're going to write one book of poems or one novel
23
Everything one invents is true, you may be perfectly sure of that. Poetry is as precise as geometry
24
Genuine poetry can communicate before it is understood
25
God is the perfect poet
26
He who draws noble delights from sentiments of poetry is a true poet, though he has never written a line in all his life
27
How do poems grow? They grow out of your life
28
However, if a poem can be reduced to a prose sentence, there can't be much to it
29
I like poems that are little games
30
I sometimes talk about the making of a poem within the poem
31
I still read Donne, particularly his love poems
32
I was reading the dictionary. I thought it was a poem about everything
33
If Galileo had said in verse that the world moved, the inquisition might have let him alone
34
If you cannot be a poet, be the poem
35
If you read quickly to get through a poem to what it means, you have missed the body of the poem
36
No poem is easily grasped; so why should any reader expect fast results
37
No poems can please for long or live that are written by water drinkers
38
One merit of poetry few persons will deny: it says more and in fewer words than prose
39
One will never again look at a birch tree, after the Robert Frost poem, in exactly the same way
40
Pain is filtered in a poem so that it becomes finally, in the end, pleasure
41
Painting is silent poetry, and poetry is painting that speaks
42
Poetry heals the wounds inflicted by reason
43
Poetry is a deal of joy and pain and wonder, with a dash of the dictionary
44
Poetry is a mirror which makes beautiful that which is distorted
45
Poetry is all that is worth remembering in life
46
Poetry is an echo, asking a shadow to dance
47
Poetry is an orphan of silence. The words never quite equal the experience behind them
48
Poetry is just the evidence of life. If your life is burning well, poetry is just the ash
49
Poetry is language at its most distilled and most powerful
50
Poetry is nearer to vital truth than history
51
Poetry is not a turning loose of emotion, but an escape from emotion; it is not the expression of personality, but an escape from personality. But, of course, only those who have personality and emotions know what it means to want to escape from these things
52
Poetry is ordinary language raised to the Nth power. Poetry is boned with ideas, nerved and blooded with emotions, all held together by the delicate, tough skin of words
53
Poetry is plucking at the heartstrings, and making music with them
54
Poetry is the art of creating imaginary gardens with real toads
55
Poetry is the art of uniting pleasure with truth
56
Poetry is the opening and closing of a door, leaving those who look through to guess about what is seen during the moment
57
Poetry is the revelation of a feeling that the poet believes to be interior and personal which the reader recognizes as his own
58
Poetry is the rhythmical creation of beauty in words
59
Poetry is the synthesis of hyacinths and biscuits
60
Poetry is thoughts that breathe, and words that burn
61
Poetry is what gets lost in translation
62
Poetry is when an emotion has found its thought and the thought has found words
63
Poetry should... should strike the reader as a wording of his own highest thoughts, and appear almost a remembrance.
64
Poetry: the best words in the best order
65
Poets are soldiers that liberate words from the steadfast possession of definition
66
Poets are the unacknowledged legislators of the world
67
Publishing a volume of verse is like dropping a rose petal down the Grand Canyon and waiting for the echo
68
Sometimes poetry is inspired by the conversation entered into by reading other poems
69
The moment of change is the only poem
70
The novel is born of disillusionment; the poem, of despair
71
The poem is a little myth of man's capacity of making life meaningful. And in the end, the poem is not a thing we see-it is, rather, a light by which we may see-and what we see is life
72
The poem is the point at which our strength gave out
73
The poet is a liar who always speaks the truth
74
The poet may be used as a barometer, but let us not forget that he is also part of the weather
75
The poets have been mysteriously silent on the subject of cheese
76
There is poetry as soon as we realize that we possess nothing
77
There'll always be working people in my poems because I grew up with them, and I am a poet of memory
78
There's no money in poetry, but then there's no poetry in money, either
79
"Therefore" is a word the poet must not know
80
To have great poets, there must be great audiences
81
To read a poem is to hear it with our eyes; to hear it is to see it with our ears
82
To see clearly is poetry, prophecy and religion all in one
83
Usually a life turned into a poem is misrepresented
84
Wanted: a needle swift enough to sew this poem into a blanket
85
We all write poems; it is simply that poets are the ones who write in words
86
You don't have to suffer to be a poet; adolescence is enough suffering for anyone
87
You don't help people in your poems. I've been trying to help people all my life - that's my trouble
88
You don't make a poem with ideas, but with words
89
You will find poetry nowhere unless you bring some of it with you
              

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